Military historian Tom Burnell (author of ‘The War Dead’ series and ‘Irishmen in the Great War’) has compiled a list of statistics pertaining to the Irish casualties for World War I, which includes a list of cemeteries where the fallen were buried. In this first part of 5, Tom accounts for the demographics, places of birth, ranks and units of the casualties (Parts 2 – 5, listing the cemeteries, will be published here during Heritage Week, 22 – 26 August).
Statistics for the 26 Counties for the Great War.
By Tom Burnell.
Known birth locations-26052.
Unknown birth Location-3449.
Born in the 26 Counties-24498.
CAUSE OF DEATH
Type of death, most common;-
Killed in action-16413.
Died/Died of wounds-9065.
Suicide, where recorded-32.
NUMBERS BY COUNTY
Below are the figures for the 26 counties, after the duplicates are removed (10% are listed in more than one county) the total is 29498.
Enclann published an article in the Irish Independent some years ago which gives casualty figures for the 6 Counties;-
The 20 Deadliest dates for Irishmen were;
(Casualty count is listed after the date);
01/07/1916 469. First day of the Battle of the Somme.
21/03/1918 439. Start of the German Spring Campaign.
09/09/1916 309. First day of the Battle of Ginchy.
10/10/1918 302. Sinking of the R.M.S. Leinster.
09/05/1915 275. First day of the Battle of Aubers Ridge.
31/05/1916 266. Battle of Jutland.
16/08/1917 258. First day of the Battle of Langemarck.
25/04/1915 204. Beginning of the Gallipoli Campaign. Gallipoli landings.
24/05/1915 203. St Julien and Bellewarde.
03/09/1916 187. First day of the Battle of Guillemont.
15/09/1916 185. First day of the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.
01/11/1914 173. First day of the Battle of Coronel.
27/04/1916 164. Gas Attacks at Hulluch.
31/07/1917 162. Start of the 3rd Battle of Ypres.
26/04/1915 160. Landings at Helles and Anzac.
21/08/1915 151. Battle for Hill 60 and Scimitar Hill.
29/04/1916 143. Siege of Kut ends, British surrender to the Ottomans.
19/10/1914 141. Second day of the battle of the Yser.
20/10/1914 134. First day of the Battle of the Yser.
25/09/1915 133. First day of the Battle of Loos.
The 20 most common Surnames.
Age (where known) at death.
RANKS OF CASUALTIES
1st Class Waiter-2.
2nd Class Bedroom Steward-1.
2nd Class Waiter-2.
3rd Class Waiter-3.
Acting Lance Corporal-38.
Acting Lance Sergeant-3.
Acting Leading Seaman-4.
Acting Leading Stoker-3.
Acting Quartermaster Sergeant-1.
Acting Regimental Sergeant Major-2.
Acting Second Corporal-3.
Acting Sergeant Major-4.
Acting Staff Sergeant-1.
Air Mechanic 1st Class-5.
Air Mechanic 2nd Class-12.
Air Mechanic 3rd Class-11.
Aircraftman 1st Class-5.
Aircraftman 2nd Class-4.
Airman 1st Class-2.
Aircraftman 3rd Class-1
Battery Quartermaster Sergeant-4.
Battery Sergeant Major-15.
Boatswain and Lamps-1.
Boy 1st Class-18.
Boy 2nd Class-1.
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel-1.
Chief Petty Officer-1.
Company Quartermaster Sergeant-1.
Company Sergeant Major-2.
Carpenter’s Crew 2nd Class-1.
Chaplain 2nd Class-1.
Chaplain 3rd Class-4.
Chaplain 4th Class-27.
Chief Electrical Artificer-1.
Chief Engine Room Artificer-5.
Chief Master at Arms-1.
Chief Motor Mechanic-1.
Chief Petty Officer-17.
Chief Shipwright 2nd Class-1.
Chief Sick Berth Steward-1.
Chief Water Tender-1.
Chief Yeoman of Signals-3.
Clerk 3rd Class-2.
Company Sergeant Major-146.
Company Quartermaster Sergeant-1.
Cooper 1st Class-1.
Deputy Surgeon General-1.
Electrical Artificer-3rd Class-1.
Electrical Artificer 4th Class-1.
Engine Room Artificer-18.
Engineer Lieutenant Commander-3.
Engineer Rear Admiral-1.
Farrier Quartermaster Sergeant-1.
Farrier Staff Sergeant-1.
Field Marshal Secretary-1.
Fifth Engineer Officer-1.
Fireman and Trimmer-45.
Foreman and Trimmer-2.
Fourth Engineer Officer-7.
Honorary Lieutenant (Quartermaster)-1.
Honorary Major Quartermaster-1.
Junior 7th Engineer-1.
Leading Carpenter’s Crew-1.
Leading Deck Hand-4.
Leading Victualling Assistant-1.
Lieutenant and Quartermaster-2.
Major, Acting Lieutenant Colonel-1.
Major, Director of Ordnance-2.
Major and Quartermaster-1.
Master Gunner 2nd Class-1.
Mess Attendant 1st Class-1.
Mess Room Stewart-3.
Musician 3rd Class-2.
Officer’s Cook 1st Class-1.
Officer’s Steward 1st Class-3.
Officer’s Steward 2nd Class-1.
Officer’s Steward 3rd Class-5.
Petty Officer 1st Class (Pensioner)-2.
Petty Officer 1st Class-28.
Petty Officer 2nd Class-6.
Petty Officer Regulating-1.
Petty Officer Stoker-66.
Petty Officer Telegraphist-2.
Private 1st Class-43.
Private 2nd Class-14.
Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant-6.
Regimental Sergeant Major-26.
Saddler /Staff Sergeant-1.
Senior Reserve Attendant-1.
Senior Wireless Operator-1.
Sergeant 1st Class-1.
Ship’s Corporal 1st Class-3.
Ship’s Steward Assistant-3.
Shipwright 1st Class-7.
Shipwright 2nd Class-9.
Shoeing Smith Corporal-2.
Sick Berth Attendant-3.
Sick Berth Attendant 1st Class-1.
Sick Berth Attendant 2nd Class-1.
Sick Berth Steward-1.
Sick Berth Steward 2nd Class-2.
Soldaat 2 kl-1.
Squadron Corporal Major-1.
Squadron Sergeant Major-4.
Staff Quartermaster Sergeant-2.
Staff Sergeant Saddler-1.
Staff Sergeant Major-9.
Steward 2nd Class-1.
Stoker 1st Class-204.
Stoker 2nd Class-25.
Stoker 1st Class-15.
Stoker 2nd Class-5.
Telegraphist 1st Class-1.
Temporary Second Lieutennat-2.
Wireless Telegraph Operator-1.
Yeoman of Signals-6.
(Note- where the South Irish Horse is listed under the Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the line (Including the Yeomanry and Imperial Camel Corps)- it is listed as the South Irish Horse, where it is listed as 7th Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment, it is listed with the Royal Irish Regiment.
Where the North Irish Horse is listed under the Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the line (Including the Yeomanry and Imperial Camel Corps)- it is listed as the South Irish Horse, where it is listed as 9th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers it is listed with the Royal Irish Fusiliers). This is why their casualty numbers look small.
UNITS OF CASUALTIES
(Queen’s Own) Hussars-1.
(Queen’s) Royal West Surrey Regiment-35.
(The King’s) Hussars-1.
10th (Prince of Wales’s Own Royal) Hussars-2.
11th (Prince Albert’s Own) Hussars-6.
11th King Edward’s Own Lancers (Probyn’s Horse)-1.
12th (Prince of Wales’s Royal) Lancers-6.
14th (King’s) Hussars-2.
15th (The King’s) Hussars-4.
17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge’s Own)-3.
18th (County of London) Battalion (London Irish Rifles)-1.
19th (Queen Alexandra’a Own Royal) Hussars-6.
1st Armoured Car Coy-1.
1st County of London Yeomanry (Middlesex Yeomanry)-2.
1st Duke of York’s Lancers ( Skinner’s Horse )-1.
1st King Edward’s Horse-7.
1st Royal Dragoons-1.
21st (Empress of India’s) Lancers-3.
2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen’s Bays)-5.
2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys)-2.
2nd King Edward’s Horse-4.
2nd Lancers ( Gardner’s Horse)-1.
2nd Life Guards-2.
2nd Reserve Regiment of Cavalry-1.
3e Regiment de Marche de la Regiment Etrangere-1.
3rd (King’s Own) Hussars-2.
3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)-2.
3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales’ Own)-6.
4th (Queen’s Own) Hussars-16.
4th Dragoon Guards (Royal Irish)-3.
5th (Royal Irish) Lancers-20.
5th Dragoon Guards (Princess Charlotte of Wales’s)-3.
5th Royal Irish Lancers-1.
6th Dragoon Guards-5.
6th Dragoons (Inniskilling)-7.
7th Foot Guards/Irish Guards-1.
8th (King’s Royal Irish) Hussars-13.
9th (Queen’s Royal) Lancers-3.
Argyll and Southern Highlanders-68.
Army Gymnastic Corps-1.
Army Ordnance Department-2.
Army Pay Corps-5.
Army Pay Department-1.
Australian Army & Navy-691.
Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)-83.
British Red Cross Society-2.
British South African Police-4.
Buffs (East Kent Regiment)-12.
Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)-92.
Canadian Army and Navy-764.
City of London Regiment-03.
Corps of Army Schoolmasters-1.
Corps of Military Accountants-1.
Corps of Military Police-11.
Corps of Military Staff Clerks-1.
Corps of Royal Engineers-309.
County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters).-1
Dorset Yeomanry (Queen’s Own)-4.
Duke of Connaught’s Own Lancers-1.
Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry-33.
Duke of Lancaster’s Own Yeomanry-1.
Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)-55.
Durham Light Infantry-60.
East Lancashire Regiment-123.
East Riding Yeomanry-4.
East Surrey Regiment-50.
East Yorkshire Regiment-52.
Empress of India’s Lancers-2.
Fort Garry Horse-3.
French Red Cross Society-4.
General List New Armies-3.
Glasgow Yeomanry (Queen’s Own Royal)-1.
Guards Machine Gun Regiment-22.
H M Coastguard-17.
Highland Light Infantry-167.
Honorable Artillery Company-3.
Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the line (Including the Yeomanry and Imperial Camel Corps)-281.
Indian Army and Marine-80.
Inns of Court Officer Training Corps-2.
Italian Merchant Marine-2.
King Edward’s Horse-4.
King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry-2.
King’s Own, Royal Lancaster Regiment-1.
King’s Royal Irish Hussars-2.
King’s Royal Rifle Corps-104.
King’s (Liverpool) Regiment-322.
Kings Own (Royal Lancashire Regiment)-15.
King’s Own Scottish Borderers-78.
Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry-30.
King’s Royal Irish Hussars-5.
King’s Royal Rifle Corps
King’s Shropshire Light Infantry-23.
Loyal North Lancashire Regiment-105.
Machine Gun Corps-327.
Malay States Volunteer Rifles-1.
Mercantile Marine Reserve-77.
Military Police Corps-8.
Military Provost Staff-3.
New Zealand Army-167.
North Irish Horse-3.
North Lancashire Regiment-3.
North Somerset Yeomanry-2.
North Staffordshire Regiment-39.
Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment-5.
Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry-27.
Prince of Wales Royal (Lancers)-1.
Prince of Wales’s Own Royal Hussars-2.
Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service-8.
Queen Alexandra’s Own Royal Hussars-1.
Queen Mary’s Army Auxiliary Corps-17.
Queen Victoria’s Own Sappers and Miners-1.
Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders-7.
Queen’s (Royal West Surrey Regiment)-18.
Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)-42.
Queen’s Own Hussars-1.
Queen’s Own Oxfordshire Hussars-1.
Red Cross, U.S.A.-1.
Reserve Cavalry Regiment-18.
Royal Air Force-128.
Royal Army Chaplains Department-32.
Royal Army Cyclist Corps-29.
Royal Army Medical Corps-325.
Royal Army Ordnance Corps-32.
Royal Army Service Corps-340.
Royal Army Veterinary Corps-130.
Royal Berkshire Regiment-38.
Royal Defence Corps-49.
Royal Dublin Fusiliers-3424.
Royal Field Artillery-401.
Royal Flying Corps-85.
Royal Garrison Artillery-596.
Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery-567.
Royal Horse Artillery-11.
Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers-1061.
Royal Irish Fusiliers-1140.
Royal Irish Regiment-1824.
Royal Irish Rifles-1048.
Royal Lancaster Regiment-46.
Royal Marine Artillery-18.
Royal Marine Band-2.
Royal Marine Labour Company-2.
Royal Marine Labour Corps-9.
Royal Marine Light Infantry-82.
Royal Marine Reserve-1.
Royal Military College Sandhurst-2.
Royal Munster Fusiliers-1971.
Royal Naval Air Service-11.
Royal Naval Auxiliary Sick Berth Reserve-1.
Royal Naval Division-3.
Royal Naval Reserve-474.
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve-57.
Royal North Devon Hussars-1.
Royal Scots Fusiliers-94.
Royal Sussex Regiment-36.
Royal Warwickshire Regiment-72.
Royal Welsh Fusiliers-117.
Royal Welsh Regiment-2.
Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry-5.
Shropshire Light Infantry-23.
Somerset Light Infantry-21.
South Irish Horse (as part of the Household Cavalry, not 7th R.I.Regiment)-23.
South Lancashire Regiment-165.
South Nottinghamshire Hussars-1.
South Staffordshire Regiment-45.
South Wales Borderers-79.
South, West and East African Army-87.
St John’s Ambulance Brigade-2.
Territorial Force Nursing Service-3.
The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)-44..
The Queen’s Lancers-3.
U. S Army, Air Force and Navy-375.
Voluntary Aid Detachment-14.
West Yorkshire Regiment-61.
Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry-4.
Women’s Royal Air Force-2.
York and Lancaster Regiment-82.
Yorkshire Hussars Yeomanry-6.
Yorkshire Light Infantry-36.